I think Alec Baldwin the actor is innocent in this case. He got handed a gun by the assistant director and told it was cold.
But Alec Baldwin the producer, who was responsible for making sure shit was being done right, and was allowing these idiots to go shoot rounds with guns and then use the exact same guns in a film shoot... like that's a utter failure of management and that's on him to some degree.
part of the issue is that the rules get fuckity when you're doing a movie. there's supposed to be some safety rules to mitigate it, like using non-functioning/rubber props unless you're doing a close-up where it would be super noticeable or if you're firing it. in this case, it was intended to be fired in the scene, so a rubber prop is out and you've got a firearm that is capable of firing. BECAUSE OF THIS, the second rule you listed should have been heeded by every person handling it, and every person handling it should be checking it every time they get handed it or pick it up if they lost sight of it.First rule of handling weapons is don't point them at anything you don't want to destroy or always keep them pointed in a safe direction.
Second rule is always treat a weapon as if it was loaded.
Most drunk rednecks in the US manage not to shoot anyone by accident every year.
I'm surprised they were even using real guns. I watch a ton of special effects stuff and given the insurance costs it's pretty rare.Depending on the way they are making the blanks/dummy rounds, I could see that. However I'd expect that to be sequestered somehow.
But I make sense when it comes to safety, so who the fuck knows?